Country Farm and Business Management

Farm and Business management (FBM), also known as farm and business planning, is the process of coordinating every aspect of your agricultural operation with a view to maximizing your income and profit. In this process, a variety of skills are used, including planning management, economics and marketing.

The following are key practices for the management of country farms and businesses:

Marketing – selling your products or services; financing – loans to finance your operation; risk management – ensuring that your operation is safe from disasters.

Financial – creating pro-forma and actual enterprise budgets to help forecast income and expenses; calculating ratios; setting financial goals.

First, you should write down a strategy for how you will achieve your goals. This will enable you to identify your weaknesses and think through all the functions that are involved in your company.

You will also need to check if the land you own is zoned for production, or if there are any zoning regulations which limit the type production you can do. Check with the township or county to determine if there is any restriction and how it might affect your plan.

You will also need to provide adequate public facilities for your business, such as parking lots, signage, and assistance to customers. These will be required to accommodate customers and visitors to your farm/ranch and should be maintained in compliance with zoning, food safety and environmental laws.

Ultimately, you will need a business that is self-sustaining and generates a steady income. It is important to have enough income off-farm to cover all living expenses as well as save for future business.